Frequently Asked Questions

1Will it be possible to maintain the growing bio mass requirement in the future?
At the moment some bio mass has become a popular fuel type to be used for Heat Generation Systems. This has made shortage of wood in the country but as a resources, Bio Mass types are available and also government is taking necessary actions to improve this bio mass supply. As a first step government has announced Ginisiliya as a fourth Plantation type. What type of Heat Generation System matches with my requirement?

If high temperatures are needed for the process, it is advisable to go for Thermic Fluid Heaters. If you only need heat, hot water may be the most cost effective solution. But If a steam requirement is there steam boiler will have to be used.
2What authorizations are needed for me to establish a Bio Mass Boiler?
1. BOI approval ( if come under BOI)
2. CEA approval (BOI and CEA approval will process together)
3. EPL renewal
4. Forest Dept. approval for bio-mass storage (this requires EPL)
3Is it possible for me to use a bio mass boiler under CEA give constraints?
Of course yea, Commonly with a Bio Mass fired Heat Generation System dust extractors / Multi Dust Cyclones and Wet Bottoms are provided to guarantee emission rate is under 200 N/ cm3. You only have to get Heat Generation System a reliable supplier to make sure all the required part available. What are the benefits of using biomass as a sustainable fuel?

Biomass is a renewable, low carbon fuel that is already widely available throughout the Sri Lanka. Its production and use also brings additional environmental and social benefits. Correctly managed, biomass is a sustainable fuel that can deliver a significant reduction in net carbon emissions when compared with fossil fuels. Correctly managed, biomass is a sustainable fuel that can offer a wide range of benefits:

- Biomass is a “carbon lean” fuel producing a fraction of the Carbon emissions of fossil fuels.
- Biomass can be sourced locally, from within the UK, on an indefinite basis, contributing to security of supply.
- Biomass supply can offer local business opportunities and support the rural economy.
- The establishment of local networks of production and usage, allows financial and environmental costs of transport to be minimized.
- Many biomass fuels generate lower levels of such atmospheric pollutants as Sulphur dioxide, that contributes to 'acid rain'.
4Why use wood fuel? What are the benefits?
A) It's Competitively Priced: Wood fuel can compete on fuel price with the fossil fuel alternatives, although the costs of installing wood fuel systems can be higher than fossil fuel systems. We recommend you seek advice on the comparative economics of your wood fuel proposal, because they can vary with the different types of wood fuel and the type of fossil fuel they are being compared with, and your location. See No. 19 below for the contact details of wood fuel advisory services.

B) It's Carbon Neutral: Woodfuel has a number of benefits, but the most significant one in the 21st Century is its potential role in helping to prevent dangerous climate change. That's because it can result in lower nett emissions of greenhouse gases than those emitted by burning fossil fuels. Woodfuel produced in sustainably managed forests is ‘replaced’ by the next crop of growing trees, which reabsorbs the same amount of carbon that is emitted by the current crop being burned. The only net emissions are those caused by the harvesting, transport and processing of wood fuel. No such balanced carbon cycle exists for fossil fuels except, perhaps, one measured in millions of years. Their emissions are effectively all one-way traffic from the Earth's crust to the atmosphere.

C) It's Renewable: Unlike fossil fuel reserves, sustainably managed woodland can produce an endlessly renewable source of energy. In contrast, once fossil fuels have been used, they are gone for millions of years.
5How much wood usually used to produce one 1 ton of steam ?
It vary with different details like capacity percentage, dryness. Generally 350Kg can be expected to used prepare 1 TON of steam.
6Are Bio Mass Boilers noisy?
Not Exactly, Sound rate may be around 40dB.